Septic tanks are sewage treatment plants people install in buildings that don't have access to public sewers. This method of treating waste is effective and can last for many years as long as the installation is done correctly and the owner maintains it as instructed.
However, there are several things you need to consider during septic tank installations to ensure the procedure is a success. Some of those tips are outlined below and will offer the guidance you require.
Inspect the Area
The first thing you should do when you decide to install a sewage treatment tank on your property is to evaluate the area you intend to construct or place it. Is the place suitable and big enough to suit the size of the septic tank you need? Are there utility markings in that area? The last thing you want is to excavate the area only to damage the utility pipes.
Usually, utility companies do the markings for free, so don't hesitate to ask them to do so, else you'll be held liable when damages occur. The soil characteristics also need to be considered before digging the area to avoid instability and cave-in problems.
Select a Suitable Septic System Design
Next, you need to choose a septic system design that is ideal for your property. These systems comprise two primary elements—septic tank and discharge or percolation area. The percolation area is required to release the treated effluent since it's the common disposal method for most septic systems. This area is usually gravel-based, and it's where the treated water is dispersed so it can soak into the soil.
The site's soil condition will determine your choice of the soakaway area. For instance, if the area has a higher filtration rate and the ground is porous, a small percolation area will do, and vice versa. A quick soil test should guide you accordingly. If you don't want to have a percolation area, you can choose a tank that discharges the water directly.
Pick a Suitable Septic Tank
Septic tanks come in different sizes, designs, and materials. Since you know if you will install a percolation area or get a tank that discharges directly, it shouldn't be challenging to pick the size and material. Would you like a concrete or plastic septic tank? Concrete tanks are sturdier and can be customized to suit your needs.
Plastic tanks are also robust and don't usually leak. Note that the tank should be custom-built or selected depending on the number of people expected to occupy the building. For more information, contact a company that does septic system installations.